Home Made Kelp Fertilizer

Ever wince when you have to throw away expired raw kelp because you have forgotten to use it?

Home made seaweed or kelp fertilizer

Don’t throw away expired kelp or seaweed!

Instead of throwingΒ outΒ expired raw produce in May 2015, I decided to make my own plant food and liquid feed.

How to make fertilizer and liquid feed for plants from seaweed

Kelp – Rinsed a few times to rid of any salt

How to make fertilizer and liquid feed for plants from seaweed

Kelp – Soak in water until soften. It will expand like this!

Home made seaweed or kelp fertilizer

Once kelp is soft, cut into small pieces for pulping. Separate pulp from liquid

Home made seaweed or kelp fertilizer

Kelp pulp and liquid separated and kept to ferment before using

How we used home made kelp fertilizer for edibles garden :

How to use home made kelp fertilizer indoors

Bed bath watering for strawberries seedlings

How to use home made kelp fertilizer

Kelp liquid feed turned into ice cubes to water and cool strawberry seedlings during the heat wave in June 2015

How we use home made liquid kelp fertilizer

Iced Nutrients feeding the soil of cool seasoned plants (white strawberries seedlings)

Benefits of kelp/seaweed fertilizer for plants :

Benefits of home made liquid kelp fertilizer

Strawberry seedlings on home made kelp fertilizer looked bigger

Kelp has cytokinins and auxins and is a natural growth fertilizer for every stage of the plant’s life.

Benefits of home made liquid kelp fertilizer for bell pepper plants

Testing Kelp fertilizer on outdoors capsicums

Kelp and most sea plants usually contain over 70 minerals and vitamins.

Benefits of home made liquid kelp fertilizer for capsicum plants

Kelp + Compost = Healthy plant with bountiful harvest πŸ™‚

Kelp and any sea plants are organic food source as they are grown in the ocean.

Thus, do explore new ways to re-use expired raw greens for the garden instead of throwing them away without a second thought! πŸ™‚

Be Creative! Made your own self watering pots that sealed in the smells of fermenting kelp pulp or liquid! Β πŸ™‚

How to use home made kelp fertilizer in self watering pots indoors

Rinsed rice water and Kelp in self watering propeller “pot” from Garden UrbanGreen Video.

How to use home made kelp fertilizer in self watering pots

Strawberries on a liquid diet of home made kelp fertilizer in self watering pots!

Typical uses of kelp as a soup stock in Asian kitchens :

How to use kelp as a soup stock for noodles

A hearty kelp noodle broth with seafood and vegetables πŸ™‚

How to use kelp as a soup stock for noodles

Kelp soup stock with Soba (healthy Japanese comfort food) πŸ™‚


Small Space Edibles Garden

Living in a small apartment and no space for home grown vegetables?

Farm in a Cup

Lim San ‘s Aug 7 2015 harvest of his tomatos

Too busy! No time to tend to a garden?

How about a Do-It-YourselfAutomatic watering garden out of free-of-charge recycled containers?

Having no land and living in high rise apartments are NOT going to stop Singapore’s determined urban farmers from growing their own food ! πŸ™‚

Lim San thought out of the box and created a ” farm in a cup ” (or bottle) concept to grow fresh edibles. I guessed once he tasted freshly harvested own grown edibles, and enjoyed the satisfaction of overcoming all the limitations to grow them, there is no going back!

Just look at his thriving small “farm” growing out of recycled paper cups in his apartment. πŸ™‚

His crops so far include dwarf tomatoes varieties, bell peppers, lettuce, rosella, spinach and even strawberries!!

How to grow a farm in a cup

Lim San’s Bell peppers on Oct8 2015

Singapore awesome urban farmers

Oct 8 2015 – Capsicum plant flowered in his farm cup!

Small Space Edibles garden

Photo : Lim San’s strawberry plant from seed! Aug 11 2015

Here is another example of his creative small space farms πŸ™‚


February 2016 – Okra in a cup !



Lim San did not stop upgrading his mini – farms ! πŸ™‚

In late 2015, he built vertical farm out of recycled bottles which autoΒ irrigated his edibles remotely and saved the dripping water in a reservoir to be recycled again! πŸ™‚

This system of vertical farming was made famous by Britta Riley‘s WindowFarms, a simple idea to utilize only a window to grow food hydroponically in a vertical arrangement. For city dwellers around the world, her concept brought hope to grow food inside apartments without using a lot of space.

As I was experimenting with the same thing myself around the time Lim San had already improved his, I learned a lot from him with his video. My difficulty arose from not knowing how to connect the T joints to combine compressed air with water. Done in the right way, compressed air from the air pump will combine with water to become water bubbles. The bubbles will be dragged up the vertical tubing by pressurized air from the pump to the topmost bottle. Then trickled down through the rest of bottled “farms”, irrigating them, and finally ending in the reservoir (Coke bottle seen here).

This irrigation cycle began again from the reservoir as long as the air pump is on. A timer is usually used to regulate the irrigation cycles. And that’s basically how vertical farm irrigation system work! πŸ™‚ Cool, huh?

No matter how many fancy vertical farms are available in the market now for home gardeners, nothing satisfy me and likely gardeners like Lim San and many like us D.I.Yers :), is to built something with our own hands and grow food out of the cheapest material possible! πŸ™‚

But Lim San did not stopped here.

In January 2016, he decided to combine Β aeroponic and aquaponic systems with this vertical farm to grow more salads and edibles as organically as possible!

In Wikpedia, “aeroponic” was described as a process where plants are grown in an environment of air and mist, without soil as a medium. The word “aero” meaning “air” and “ponos” mean labor , came from Greece. Unlike hydroponics, aquaponics do not use liquid nutrients, instead it utilize water from fish (aquarium) waste to feed plants.

Lim San's Mizuna

Lim San’s Mizuna

Awesome gardeners in Singapore

Lim San – Harvested fresh vegetables on the 45th day

All these systems combined to allow Lim San to grow great harvest like these with only one window! His farm is suspended above ground and limited space used for his aquarium below it πŸ™‚

Vertical private gardens in Singapore

Space to grow edibles is a luxury in Singapore but we still have windows!!!

Lim San 's Mizuna before his harvest

Lim San ‘s before his harvest

Singapore vertical aeroponic and aquaponic private gardens

After Harvest

Awesome gardeners in Singapore

Lim San’s fresh harvest of Mizuna

What I like about about these 3 systems are that they all recycled water, but if I have to choose only one, it would be the aquaponics system because it utilized organic waste from fish and greatly reduced any possibility of mosquitoes breeding in the reservoir if the air pump malfunctioned! πŸ™‚

If I ever get sick of growing strawberries, maybe this would be the NEXT project at home ! πŸ™‚

Cycle of Strawberry Plants

Strawberry Plants – What happened NEXT after fruiting stage?

We were very lucky this time.

Not only did we managed to germinate strawberry seeds and harvest their fruits, but now we also have an opportunity to study the cycle of these plants in a tropical climate.

Growing strawberries in Singapore

Here is what having 50 strawberry plants looked like at home! They are grown in every sunny space we have and climbing windows too!

How many cycles of fruits can we harvest before the plants die in our tropical climate?

Harvest strawberries in Singapore

Strawberries “garden” in Singapore

What we have observed from our plants –

  1. The red strawberry variety was a large plant, measuring more than 30cm from top to roots. Minimum soil depth is 6 inches.
SG Strawberries first harvest

Oct 20 2015 – Our first strawberries harvest. This is a large plant, over 30cm from tip to roots.

2. Β This variety loves our sun and can tolerate heat, although full overhead afternoon sun is not recommended.

strawberry leaves turned brown and fruits are dry

strawberry leaves turned brown

As long as the acidic soil temperature can be lowered to 25C (the lower the better) with ice, chilled water and/or air-conditioning, we will have fruits.

After fruiting for 3 months, our strawberry plants lost their vigor.

Fruits quality declined and leaves start to look poorly.

strawberry leaves turned brown and fruits are dry

Poor quality fruits even with successful pollination and runners did not root.

strawberry leaves turned brown and fruits are dry

Indoors Mature Strawberry – Curled /browned tip leaves

Finally I decided to trim all the mature plants (9 months old) and observe what happened next.

Cycle of strawberry plants in the tropics

Dec 25 2015 – Our first harvest plant, after pruning.

Jan 2016 – This plant died! Lesson learned – as the plant matured, it need more room for its roots to grow. It cannot remained in this 1.5L water bottle.

Subsequently, we repot all mature strawberry plants into bigger pots instead of continuing to grow them in plastic bottles.

Cycle of strawberry plants in the tropics

Result – Mature strawberry plants started to fruit again in 3 months

Luckily, our mature strawberry plants continued to grow flowers and fruits after recuperating for a few months! πŸ™‚ But the quantity of fruits was not as many as the first harvest.

One year on, since these plants germinated. They are grown without air-conditioning in my balcony. More sunlight is needed to see fruits but my apartment had only morning sun and outdoors were too stressful for me (mostly snails and theft of fruits rather than the weather). We also learned the hard way that they could not remained in our white bottles, strawberries’ roots need more room than 1.5 L bottles allowed!

SG Strawberries

Pot size is 30L, red strawberries grown in compost pot

SG Strawberries

March 31 2016 – One year old strawberry plants

Strawberry Plant Care in the Tropics

April 25 2016 – Ice continued to play a role even though this pot is indoor

Grow strawberries from seeds

June 9 2016 – After a 6 months break, this 14 months old strawberry plant is fruiting again!!!

I hoped this proved that strawberries can survived in Singapore, and if all the conditions (sunlight, rich compost, cool soil) were met, they can thrived and fruit as well. Much attention is needed to keep the soil from overheating (use ice or air-con) , but otherwise they are hardy plants.

DISCLAIMERPlease note, the above information are for seeds grown strawberries based on my own experience and observations. They may not apply to nurseries bought strawberries.

Meyer Lemons’ Journey

I chanced upon a post by Ms. Yong Kit Chin on May 16 2015 from Facebook group’s Kitchen Garden SG, about growing Meyer Lemons from seeds.

Grow a lemon tree in Singapore

Meyer lemons are found in organic refrigerated shelves in FairPrice supermarkets

These wereΒ her advice on how to germinate Meyer lemon seeds :

Method 1: Peel off the hard shell covering the seed. This make it easier to sprout.Β 

Method 2: Soak, peel, sandwich seeds in wet kitchen paper and placed these in Ziplock bag. Keep in dark cupboard. Will sprout in a week or 10 days.

Preparing lemon seeds to germinate

Yong Kit Chin – Wash pulp off seeds, soaked and peeled hard shell off for faster germination.

I sowed seeds in soil with hard shell on and without.

Indeed Ms. Yong is right. Β It was much faster to germinate seeds without the hard shell ( about 10 days).

With the shell on, it took about 20 days to see the first sprout.

How to germinate Meyer Lemon seeds

Lemon seed’s first leaf peeking through the soil

Growing lemons in Singapore

July 17 2015 – 10 days to germinate when husks are removed from seeds. 20 days with husks on

How to germinate Meyer lemon seeds

One week old lemon seedling was 4 inches from top to roots

How to germinate Meyer lemon seed

One month old lemon seedling planted in soil

Growing lemons in pots

Lemon Seedling Aug 4 – compost pot, in protective “green house”!

Grow a lemon tree

Lemon Seedling on August 20 2015

Grow lemon tree in pot

December 2015 – Lemon plant grows very very slowly

How to grow a lemon tree from seeds

December 18 2015 – Lemon seedling had new leaves but not much taller than a month ago

Meyer lemon seedling

Feb 10 2016 – 7th months old Meyer Lemon seedling is still short! πŸ™‚

Lemon plant from seeds

April 29 2016 – Lemon plant , Slow and steady!

Potassium deficiency plant

May 30 2016 – Potassium deficiency! Advice from members of SG Farming in Apartments, suggested seaweed fertilizers and citrus, fruits peels compost (which I have from home made plant care) or commercially produced bonemeal, to treat this. Thank you, everyone!

One year on, I am still battling with grasshoppers on this Meyer plant from seed. Although some leaves were eaten, this plant is very hardy and standing strong in haze and heavy thunderstorms. My home made compost was added to the pot on November 4th 2016, lets see if this would spurred its growth more! πŸ™‚

Grow Meyer lemon from seed

November 03 2016 – Grasshoppers love this plant! Lower right corner – A new tarragon cutting was added to this pot in September 2016.

Grow Meyer lemon from seed

February 11 2017

VerdictNot worth the time and effort to grow Meyer lemon plant from supermarket fresh seed (extracted from organic lemons) based on my experience. Better to buy a grafted plant from the nursery! πŸ™‚ This seed is easy to germinate and the plant is hardy, but the growth rate was very slow.

Most people would buy a grafted plant from the nursery for guaranteed fruiting . This is how to air layer citrus plants shared by fellow gardener, Marvie Costales , using only dried leaves and grass ! πŸ™‚

For myself, the knowledge and satisfaction obtained from witnessing a seed’s first step and accompanying its journey are just as entertaining and fulfilling.

Harvesting the fruits would of course, be the cherry on top ! πŸ™‚

It would be really nice if we had our own grown lemons for cooking.

Lemons are used in varied ways at home, in our chilled teas, to marinate fish and chicken and even in our savory pies!

Salmon in lemon juices "pies" - An all in one meal with lots of hidden veggies!

Salmon in lemon juice “pies” – An all time favorite Β with kids πŸ™‚





How to Propagate Mint Plant

Many herbs can be propagated this way.

First, cut a stem from a plant or use any stem from the market with leaves on.

Stick the stem cutting in water until roots appeared! Water need to be changed daily for better results.

How to root mint in water

Cut a mint stem and stick it in water until many roots appeared like this! Worked for many plants!

How to root mint and other herbs

Mint or other herbs – The more roots mass the better the plant grew after its planted!

Basil rooting

Worked for basil too!

Bury the roots in soil until more young leaves appeared.

How to grow mint from cutting

Plant mint cutting in soil when many roots appeared in water

To allow the newly propagated mint plant to thrive, cut away the older stem at the top of the plant.

How to renew mint plant from propagation

Mint Propagation -New young leaves will grow after the older stem is cut

How to grow young mint plant

This is how we re-new an old woody mint into new mint plant, as more young leaves grew.

How to grow mint from cuttings

Thriving mint plant from propagating

One year on, our mint plant is still thriving. Their scent is heavenly, grown in own made compost, and zero commercial fertilizers and pesticide. Visitors are often offered cutting from this plant. Herbs are best harvested often to keep them young.

Propagate mint from cutting

November 03 2016 – Mint update

Woody stems mean the plants have gotten old. The fragrance and taste of its leaves will wane as the plant aged.

How to grow mint from propagation

Harvest often to grow young leaves, else it will get old like this plant! Then we have to propagate these woody stems again (Watch the video!)

In the following video, our green pot’s mint plant had grown old, BUT Β we can renew the plant by propagating the stems! Β πŸ™‚

Summer will show how to do this –


See how simple it is to propagate an old mint plant? There is no need to add commercial fertilizer to renew our herbs at home.

How to propagate mint plant

The almost dead plant in our video returned to health after pruning and repotting! (July 2016)

My daughter harvests home grown mint straight from our plants for tea whenever there are tons of homework from school. πŸ™‚

Our mint plants are grown without commercial fertilizer and pesticide, and they taste and smell amazing.

How to brew home grown fresh mint for tea

A cup of home grown mint tea while studying

Member Jason Ng shared his recipe for a chill out any time mojito , a non alcoholic option is available.

Recipe for mint mojito

Jan 12 2016 – Mojito has become my all time favorite drink after gardening in the sun !

Jason Ng’s recipe for Non alcoholic Mojito :

1.Mint leaves (muddle in the cup with little sprite 1st, leave it for 5mins)
2. Big lime
3. Lemon grass ( use the stalk, smashed to release fragrance)
4. Sprite (softdrink)
5. Sugar (optional)
6. Vodka (Optional)
7. Add ice

Thank you, Jason!!!!

SG Strawberries KIDS :)

During our live radio chat with DJ Mei Xiang from 883FM on March 18 2016, Summer was asked how I was as a mom and what her childhood was like. I am glad to say I passed with flying colors as a mom! πŸ™‚

I love kids, and its my regret that due toΒ a late marriage pursuing the excitement of life and work, we only have our Summer. πŸ™‚ But she is a lovable child, and has the best of both daddy and I as well as being her own (great) person. πŸ™‚

SG Strawberries

See, what I mean about being enthusiastic? πŸ™‚

Summer is a very enthusiastic learner. She sought knowledge from sensory exploration as well as reading from a very young age.

2 year old Summer loved to play with flour :)

2 year old Summer loved to play with flour πŸ™‚

SG Strawberries

Summer learned how to make bread before she can walked steadily πŸ™‚

SG Strawberries

5 years old Summer made bread, learned by touch the right dough texture πŸ™‚

We indulged our daughter and kids, but not with material pleasures. πŸ™‚ No matter what they were curious about, we tried to answer all their questions and encouraged explorations. This is how we learned and thus, growing strawberries was just another project to explore in our household! πŸ™‚

If you see the world through the eyes of a child, nothing is too impossible. When Summer mentioned her wish to pick strawberries at home, my niece Shona’s eyes shone with excitement and images of harvest rooted in our imagination (even mommy!) , and thus the research began in earnest! πŸ™‚

SG Strawberries kids

SG Strawberries kids – Japanese niece Shona and nephew Kosuke with Summer Fong at our Garden by the Bed!!

The two older girls were encouraged to read and researched on strawberries and shared their findings via YouTube videos in their own words πŸ™‚

I am a firm believer that science should be explored outside of textbooks. In fact, I discouraged memorizing notes! Science is fun and should be applied in practical everyday ways to aid learning for young children. For example, when the subject of water pressure was taught in Summer’s class, we made our own garden ‘gadgets’ such as self watering bottles and even an automated vertical irrigation system to see how they work.

SG Strawberries kids

May 2015 – A simple conception using air pump and basketball needle to pull water bubbles upwards and irrigate our vertical farm πŸ™‚

Science is not a subject we studied for grades. Both Summer and Shona did well for science not because they memorized hard but they truly understood the concepts. As part of my lessons with them, we learned about plants by planting the seeds, observations of seeds’ journey and hands on exploration from transplanting etc. πŸ™‚

The seeds are our teacher, and every germination is the beginning of a new exploration πŸ™‚ This is more exciting than memorizing notes, isn’t it? πŸ™‚

SG Strawberries

Kids want to see if they can track how roots drew water from soil using colored water πŸ™‚

SG Strawberries kids

July 24 2015 – Studying Insects

SG Strawberries kids

July 25 2015 – chrysalis! Isn’t this neat?

April 15 2016 - Praying Mantis

April 15 2016 – releasing Praying Mantis into our edibles garden πŸ™‚

Summer was encouraged to share her strawberries project with interested classmates. Our home is always open for kids wanting to learn more about growing edibles.

Singapore strawberry farm in the bedroom

This hanging garden was dissembled in December 2015 because strawberry plants needed more room in bigger pots than the hanging bottles allowed.

I think the visual impact of seeing strawberries growing on our windows in Singapore, was infectious. Classmates from Summer’s school visited, and we encouraged them to touch and pollinated the flowers. Our strawberries were not kept in protective glass jars, they were unique opportunities for kids to see and feel the results of our imagination and research! πŸ™‚

Self Pollinating strawberry flowers

Summer shared how to pollinate strawberry flowers with classmates

Pollinating strawberry flowers with children

Classmate Cheng Jing lend a hand pollinating strawberry flowers

Self Pollinating strawberry flowers

Pollinating strawberry flowers became a daily chore at home πŸ™‚

As it was all about sharing our strawberries experience, friends from our Facebook’s group, “SG Farming in Apartments” visited our strawberries garden by the bed! πŸ™‚ And whenever possible, we shared how they taste as well πŸ™‚

The fruits size were not very impressive but I hope the magical moment of picking home grown strawberries in Singapore made an impression and won them with its flavor! πŸ™‚

Kids harvesting strawberries in Singapore

Young friends picking and tasting jelly bean sized strawberries in our bedroom!

Pesticide free strawberries in Singapore

Pesticide free home grown strawberries

SG Strawberries

September 2015 – Shirley Ooi

SG Strawberries

September 16 2015 – Mrs. Shanti, Summer’s form teacher from Marymount Kindergarten

Our learning did not stopped, in fact it spilled out of the bedroom to the outdoors. We wanted to grow more edibles and thus, decided to recycled abandoned pots for compost bins and grew food in them. Kids helped to dig for earthworms, plant seeds and transplant seedlings to pots. Every step of the way, they had a hand in it. The reward of our outdoor garden was when we harvest and taste the fruits of our labor!

Shona and Kosuke digging earthworms and composting raw kitchen greens.

Shona and Kosuke digging earthworms and composting raw kitchen greens in our organic garden.

Gardening with children

SG Strawberries kids helped built this organic edibles garden πŸ™‚ May 2015

How to use compost

December 23 2016 – Our natural edibles garden from recycled kitchen green waste

SG Strawberries

March 22 2016 – Shona harvesting her favorite home grown crunchy capsicums after school πŸ™‚

Gardening with children is not only an enjoyable endeavour for me but I truly believed that it taught us a lot about science and innovation. In fact, the more strawberries varieties we grew, the more questions arose! We have not stopped researching since we started! πŸ™‚

Last but not least, I am glad that this experience allowed me to bond even deeper with Summer, Shona and little Kosuke, and it made us all think deeply about our environment and how to grow delicious food safely.



Strawberries Care in the Tropical Zone

Whilst strawberry plants thrive like weeds in cooler climate and require minimal care to grow well, in the tropics, more attention is needed for them to grow well.

Indoor strawberry plants after harvest

Indoor Strawberry plants after harvest – Curled up leaves and stunted fruits

Stressed strawberry plants showed symptoms in leaves first and stunted fruits in later growth.

strawberry leaves turned brown and fruits are dry

strawberry leaves turned brown and fruits are dry

Cycle of strawberry plants in the tropics

Stunted dry fruits occurred when strawberry plants lost their vigor

If possible, grow them in deeper wider pots with compost and mulch top soil with dried leaves to prevent over heating. Give roots more room to grow and continue to feed and chill the soil.

Strawberry Care information for the Tropical Zone

Result – Mature strawberry plants will recover to flower and fruit in a few months


For outdoors, its better to weed them out during the rainy season when its not too warm. Iced the soil as needed.

Strawberry Care information for the tropical zone

Iced bottles and ice kept our soil cool for strawberries in outdoor compost pot

Strawberry Care information for Singapore outdoors

Compost , Sun and chilled soil keep strawberry plants going. Best to do this in late October when our weather is cooler

Dec 12 2015 - First Flower Spotted!

Dec 12 2015 – First Flower Spotted!

Wild strawberries variety

IMG_5263 Dec8

September 29 2016 – Second year outdoorsΒ 

Outdoor strawberry plants

September 28 2016 – strawberry plant from 2015

Grown indoors, this strawberry plant was languishing for lack of sun in our apartment. Now that its cooler, I brought it outdoor again. In one week, it has revived to better health. This is grown in a 30L compost pot with earthworms and heavy mulching with dried leaves on top soil to prevent heat from penetrating.

Tropical care for home grown strawberries

Color returned to the stems and the crown is developing new shoots.

February 11 2017 – Very mature (over 1 year old) plants are tested in outdoor trials to see how well they adapted to our climate, without much human intervention. Β These plants are no longer hand pollinated but still grown in natural compost from recycled green waste. They survived rain, haze and sun well. I learned to rim my pots with copper wire so snails could not climb into my pots.

Tropical care for strawberries

Chemical Free snails prevention!

Please note only copper work as they seem to be toxic to snails. However copper wires are not commonly found in shops and sometimes, I have to strip old electrical cords for them.

strawberry plants from seeds

Feb 11 2017

Strawberry plants from seeds

Pesticide and chemical free strawberries!

Summary of strawberry care information in the tropics:

  1. Minimum pot size should be 6 inches deep and 6 inches wide. The bigger pot the better according to Michael Wellik as well (strawberry farmer in USA)
  2. Strawberry soil need to be acidic
  3. They like compost
  4. Red strawberry varieties need minimum 6 hours of sun light
  5. Soil and roots prefer to be cooler than 31C, and night time 25C
  6. Fruiting stage plants need watering more often
  7. Trimmed dried leaves and fruits after fruiting stopped and allow room and time for plants to recuperate !
  8. DISCLAIMERPlease note, the above information are for seeds grown strawberries based on my own experience and observations. They may not apply to nurseries bought strawberries.



Tabletop Fruit Trees :)

Lim San, a fellow gardener in our Facebook gardening group, “SG Farming in Apartments” , often shared his Β creative gardening projects with us.

More than once, I was inspired by his recycling efforts to use plastic bottles or paper cups to grow edibles using either hydroponics or aquaponic methods.

This time though, by his 10 months effort to bonsai a Mulberry tree!

Bonsai Fruit Trees

Lim San’s tabletop mulberry tree

I did not know bonsai trees can still bear fruits!

According to Lim San, it is best to choose a young sapling to train rather than a mature plant with thicker stem.

How to grow a bonsai mulberry tree

Mulberry tree – Young sapling is easier to train than thick tree nodes stems